Comparison to past century, the population expansion is now booming slowly. However, in many developing states, the growing health conditions and intractable high birth rates continue to increase every year. To meet the health, education and economic needs of large and young populations, the population expansion is likely to enforce larger burdens on governments.
At the beginning of 2010, the European Union’s population attained the half-a-billion mark with immigration approaching it up more than the net increase would have been following the year’s births and deaths, new statistics from the EU’s statistics agency, Eurostat, explained on Tuesday 27 July, 2010. The highest rates of births were in Ireland and the United Kingdom was France, while the lowest rates of births were in Germany and Austria.
From January 2010, the population of EU was expected to be 501.1 million, compared to 499.7 million last year. The EU added an additional 1.4 million residents, with 9, 00,000 immigrants inflowing the bloc atop a ‘natural increase’ the net boost after births and deaths are taken into account of 500,000.
The global population achieved 6.9 billion in 2010. The report states, the world’s poorest developing countries account for 20 million of the 80 million people added every year into the global population.
The population growing in nineteen member states and decreased in eight with the largest relative increases studied in Luxembourg up 17.2 per 1.000 inhabitants and the largest decreases in Lithuania down 6.2 per 1.000.
During the 2009, the number of children born per 1000 people a little fell while the number of deaths continued. Net immigration fell more considerably, said Eurostat.
Around the EU, there are more than 5.3 million children born in 2009. For the 27 member states, the average birth rate was 10.9 per 1,000 of the population. Again, Ireland was described as highest birth rate country that is 16.8 per 1,000 inhabitants, followed by the UK (12.8 per 1,000) and France (12.7 per 1,000).
Although Germany is the most populous country, still carries on the record for the lowest birth rate in the EU with only 7.9 per 1,000 inhabitants, followed by Austria (9.1) and Portugal (9.4).
Ahead of Cyprus and France, the highest natural growth in population was recorded in Ireland. Ten member states was recorded a negative natural growth with the largest declines in Bulgaria and Latvia, Hungary and Germany.
In the EU, more than 60% of the increase population appeared from immigration. Luxembourg came the most new population per capita (13.2 per 1,000), followed by Sweden (6.7) and Slovenia (5.8).
Ireland has 4,456,000 populations at the present. Ireland is famous immigration destination for jobseekers. It has come back to its traditional pattern to be a nation of emigrants which was recording the highest net outflow (down 9.0 per 1,000).
Last year, in EU there were total 5.4 million children born, while 4.8 million deaths were registered. The average death rate was 9.7 per 1,000. The highest death rates were viewed in Bulgaria (14.2 per 1,000), Latvia (13.3 per 1,000) and Hungary (13 per 1,000).
The lowest death rates were in Ireland (6.6 per 1,000), Cyprus (6.7 per 1,000) and Luxembourg (7.3 per 1,000).
As a statistics’ result, the highest natural growth of a population was recorded in Ireland (+10.2 per 1,000), Cyprus (+5.5 per 1,000) and France (+4.3 per 1,000).
Eurostat said, “In conclusion, the population increased in 19 member states and decreased in eight, with considerable variations between member states.”
The senior demographer of the Population Reference Bureau and lead author of the Data Sheet, Carl Haub says population growth in Africa alone will boost world numbers by one billion by 2050, believing that today birth rates are declining on that continent and continue.
Continually low birthrates have made a shrinking pool of work-age people to support the richer countries’ aged populations. The worlds’ first region, Europe is seen a long-term decline in fertility.
According to the 2010 World Population Data Sheet, Many richer countries face a declining workforce that will be able to support their increasing aged populations. And in many poorer countries, populations are younger and it is quickly growing which creating poverty and threatening the environment.
Demographers expect that in developing countries birth rates will ultimately turn down following the trend in developed countries.
Carl Haub says, Germany faces escalating problems resulting from a smaller adult workforce with its much lower birth rate. Haub says, “And you can see that Germany already has only three people of working age for one person of the retirement ages. So they have an immediate and growing crisis in their pension and health care system and they know it, for sure.”
The Population Reference Bureau said in a reported that the rate of increase over the next four decades “depends largely on future trends in international migration.” It stated that the current population of 310 million could increase to 399 million, 423 million or 458 million by 2050, which is depending on immigration trends and, by extension, immigration laws, over the next 40 years. The 2010 World Population Data Sheet group explained low net immigration at 1.1 million to 1.8 million per year and high immigration at a range of 1.5 million to 2.4 million per year.